STAAR warm-ups 2015-16

1.   Who said “Give me liberty or give medeath?”  Patrick Henry

2.  The idea that government issubject to the will of the people is called_________.popular sovereignty

3.  The first successfulEnglish settlement was called_________.Jamestown

4.  The first battles of theAmerican Revolution were the __________ and __________. Lexington and Concord

5. The founder of Pennsylvania was ___________.William Penn

6.   The ______ granted rights to all citizens.Magna Carta

7.  The Declaration ofIndependence was written by:  Thomas Jefferson

8.  The leader of Englandduring the American Revolution was:  King George III

9.  What era happened from 1630-1763? Colonization

10.  Which battleended the American Revolution?  Yorktown

11.  Who was the 2ndPresident of the U.S.?  John Adams

12.  What was therepresentative government in England called?  Parliament

      13.  The 1st government plan in theAmerican colonies was ____________.  Mayflower Compact

      14.  Supporters of the Constitution were____________. Federalists

      15.  Who wrote Common Sense?  Thomas Paine

      16.  One branch of government can limit the powerof another branch is an example of checks and balances.

     17.  The 4 middle colonies were:Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey, New York

     18.  Slaves were considered____________________.  Human Property

      19.  The 1st Bank of the United States was established by____________________.  Alexander Hamilton

      20.  The U.S. Constitution was written in 1787.        

21.  The ______________ were written to get the states to pass the Constitution.  Federalists papers

      22.  The American Revolution officially ended with the signing of ______________.  Treaty of Paris 1783

       23.  Sharing power between a national and state government is called ________________.  Federalism

24.  The _________________ developed because of slave labor.  Plantation System

  25.  Our unalienable rights are found in the _________________.  Declaration of Independence

  26.  Delegates from each state met in ___________  to revise the Articles of Confederation.  Philadelphia

  27.  The southern colonies were:  Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia

  28.  Colonies were created to produce _____________.  Raw materials

  29.  The ________________ established a very weak central government.  Articles of Confederation

  30.  “Stay away from permanent alliances with any foreign world (country)” are words from George Washington’s _____________.  Farewell Address

  31.  The Supreme Court case ____________________ established Judicial Review.  Marbury v. Madison

  32.  The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the U.S.

  33.  The 3 branches of government are:  Legislative, Executive, and Judicial

  34.  What set the orderly way for western territories to apply for statehood in 1787? Northwest Ordinance

  35.  Name two acts that the colonists objected to.  Stamp, Tea, or Intolerable (coercive) acts

  36.  Power is gained through having a full national treasury was called mercantilism.

  37.  In 1793 George Washington wanted Americans to remain neutral in the French Revolution.

  38.  The battle of Saratoga was the turning point of the American Revolution.

  39.  The first representative government in America was the House of Burgesses.

  40.  People who were against the U.S. Constitution were called anti-Federalists.

  41.  The idea that America should occupy land from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean was called Manifest Destiny.

  42.  The Erie Canal was built to connect the Atlantic Ocean to the Midwest.

  43.  The main writer of the U.S. Constitution who later became the "Father" of the Constitution was  James Madison. 

  44.  The Great Compromiser of the 1800s was Henry Clay.

  45.  A government elected by the people is called Republicanism.

  46.  The Louisiana Purchase took place in 1803.

  47.  The War of 1812 was fought between America and England.

  48.  "Liberty and Union now and forever, one and inseparable" was said by Daniel Webster.

  49.  Both houses of congress need 2/3 of its members to amend the Constitution.

  50.  John Calhoun led the 1828 South Carolina movement to nullify the tariff of abominations.

  51.  The effect of the U.S. Mexican War was the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

  52.  The 5th President of the U.S. was James Monroe.

  53.  One of the main issues of the U.S. Civil war was State's Rights.

  54.  Government power is limited to what is said in the U.S. Constitution.

  55.  The action of civil disobedience began with Henry David Thoreau.

  56.  Invented by Eli Whitney, the cotton gin increased the need for slave labor.

  57.  No more European colonization would be allowed in the Western Hemisphere was the focus of the Monroe Doctrine.

  58.  In the 1830s many Native Americans were forced off their land to live west of the Mississippi River by Andrew Jackson.

          59.  The seventh president of the United States was Andrew Jackson.

60.  The idea that a state can choose not to follow a Federal law because it doesn't help them is called nullification.

61.  Many people began moving westward as a result of Manifest Destiny.

62.  The steamboat was invented by Robert Fulton.

63.  To ratify an amendment to the U.S. Constitution 3/4 of the state legislatures must agree.

64.  The Democrat-Republicans were led by Jefferson and Madison in the 1790s and early 1800s and pushed for states rights.

65.  The cause of the U.S. Mexican War was over the annexation of Texas.

66.  The founder of the modern Democratic Party was Andrew Jackson.

67.  John Adams approved the Alien and Sedition Acts which allowed the government to forcibly expel foreigners and jail editors for malicious writing.

68.  The Federalists wanted an alliance with England.

69.  The 2nd amendment gives people the right to own a gun.

70.  The 3rd amendment prevents the government from quartering (housing) soldiers in private homes during peacetime.

71.  The 4th amendment protects people from unreasonable searches and seizures.

72.  The 5th amendment protects people from being found guilty without first having due process.

73.  The 6th amendment guarantees the right to a speedy, public, and fair trial in all criminal cases.

74.  The 7th amendment guarantees the right to have a jury  trial in all civil cases when the value in question is over $20.

75.  The 8th amendment protects us from excessive bails, fines, and punishment.

76.  The 9th amendment guarantees we have rights not listed in the Constitution.  Examples include going shopping, going to the movies, and flying on an airplane.

77.  The 10th amendment guarantees states rights that are not specifically listed in the Constitution.

78.  The 1st amendment lists our 5 freedoms:  Speech, Religion, Press, Assembly, and Petition

79.  William Lloyd Garrison established the Liberator which was an abolitionist newspaper.

80.  Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote a book about the evils of slavery called Uncle Tom's Cabin.

 

81.  Frederick Douglas, an African American abolitionist and one who escaped from slavery, published the anti-slavery newspaper called the North Star.

82.  The Supreme Court case Dred Scott v. Sanford established that slaves were considered property.

83.  The Dred Scott case declared that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional because it prohibited slavery in the western territories.

84.  Abraham lincoln was president during the Civil War.  He was the 16th President.

85.  The Star Spangled Banner was written by Francis Scott Key.

86.  Florida be came part of the U.S. because of the Adams-Onis treaty with Spain.

87.  The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 provided the procedures for new territories in the west to become states.  One requirement was that slavery would not be allowed.

88.  In the mid 1800s Horace Mann of Massachusetts led the movement to establish schools that would allow all children of different classes to attend.

89.  Samuel Morse invented the telegraph.

90.  Dorothea Dix fought hard to improve conditions in prisons and help those that were mentally ill.

91.  Harriet Tubman used the underground railroad to free the slaves in the south by getting them into the north.

92.  An African American woman named Sojourner Truth gave a famous speech about the equality with men called A'int I a Woman.

93.  The Temperance movement was about getting rid of alcohol in the mid 1800s.

94.  The Abolitionist movement was all about getting rid of slavery.

95.  At the 1848 Seneca Falls convention, Elizabeth Cady Stanton called for men and women to have equal rights by writing the Declaration of Rights and Sentiments where she said "all men and women are created equal."

96.  Another word for voting is suffrage.

97.  The first female doctor in America was Elizabeth Blackwell.

98.  Pioneers would travel west in the mid 1800s using the Oregon Trail.

99.  Lucretia Mott, a Quaker, didn't believe in slavery and fought hard to end it.

100.  Eli Whitney invented interchangeable parts which allowed for a broken part to be fixed easily.

101.  The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the U.S. Mexican War.

102.  The discovery of gold in California led many settlers to head west.

103.  The rise of sectionalism caused many Americans to have loyalty towards their own section- north, south, and west- than the country as a whole.

104.  The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 stated that the people of those states would decide through popular sovereignty on the issue of slavery.

105.  John Brown, an abolitionist, led a slave revolt in Harper's Ferry Virginia in 1859 by trying to steal weapons a Federal arsenal.

106.  Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, was the 16th president of the U.S.

107.  In Lincoln's first inaugural address, he stated he would act to preserve the union by force if necessary.

108.  The Emancipation Proclamation freed all slaves living in rebellious states.

109.  The U.S. Civil War began when the Confederacy (South ) attacked Ft. Sumter in South Carolina in 1861.

110.  The turning point of the Civil War was the Battle of Gettysburg because the Union ( North ) was on the offensive for the rest of the war. 

111.  The Union defeated the Confederacy at Vicksburg, Mississippi, which gave the Union control of the Mississippi River and divided the south into 2 parts.

112.  Lincoln was assassinated just days after the Confederacy surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia.

113.  Jefferson Davis was President of the Confederate States of America.

114.  The leading General of the Union was Ulysses S. Grant.

115.  The leading General of the Confederacy was Robert E. Lee.

116.  The 13th amendment to the U.S. Constitution abolished slavery.

117.  The 14th amendment provides citizenship to all people born in the U.S.

118.  the 15th amendment granted the right to vote all Black men.

119.  The Proclamation of 1763 prevented the colonists from crossing west of the Appalachian Mountains.

120.  The Stamp Act placed a tax on items made out of paper and the colonists reacted by saying "no taxation without representation."

 121. Abigail Adams wrote a letter to her husband John during the American Revolution (1776) to have the Continental Congress to remember the Ladies.

122.  An African American named Wentworth Cheswell served at the Battle of Saratoga during the American Revolution.

123.  Mercy Otis Warren was a Female writer during the American Revolution.  She would often poke fun at the British.

124.  An African American slave named James Armistead served as a spy for the continental army against the British.  Much of what was learned from him helped the Colonies win at the battle of Yorktown.

125.  A Spanish General named Bernado de Gálvez won the Battle at Pensacola Florida against the British.

126.  Born to Jewish refugees, Haym Salomon helped raise money for the Colonial government to fight the British during the American Revolution.

127.  The court ruled in Worcester v. Georgia that the Cherokee Nation was a "distinct community" with self-government "in which the laws of Georgia can have no force." It established the doctrine that the national government of the United States, and not individual states, had authority in American Indian affairs. 

 

128. William Carney was an African American soldier during the American Civil Warwho received the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Battle of Fort Wagner.

129.  Seaman Philip Bazaar, born in Chile, South America, was a Navy seaman who was awarded the United States' highest military decoration for valor in combat — the Medal of Honor— for having distinguished himself during the battle for Fort Fisher of the American Civil War.

130.  Hiram Rhodes Revels was the first African American to serve in the United States Senate and served during reconstruction in 1870-71.

131. The Morrill Act was an Act that donated public lands to the several States and [Territories] which may provide colleges for the benefit of agriculture and the Mechanic arts” marked the first Federal aid to higher education. 

132.  William Blackstone was a respected commentator on the common law at the time of America's revolution. His Commentaries were very influential in England, and in the United States, where they became the cornerstone of American law.

133.  Stonewall Jackson, a Confederate General, was famous for building a stonewall of men at the Battle of Bull Run.